St. John was dealing with facts. The false teaching present among them is a spiritualizing christology that may tempt some members to discount teachings about the incarnation and death of Jesus the Christ; cf. The Book of 2 John is also a strong warning to be on the lookout for deceivers who were going about saying that Christ had not actually risen in the flesh. .--Rather, the deceiver, and the antichrist--i.e., among all the human errors by which the influence of the Evil One is manifested, this is the most destructive. JOHN 4:1-3 1 Therefore, when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John 2 (though Jesus Himself was not baptizing, but His disciples), 3 He left Judea and departed again for Galilee. John 8:12; 1John 1:6-7; 1John 2:6; 3John 1:3-4. (4) I rejoiced . (Comp. (2 e.) The appearance of deceivers is the reason for this warning against false progress (2John 1:7). When Jesus reprimands Mary, calling her "woman" (gunai) rather than "mother" (meter), He implies that He is not conforming to her authority but acting under His Heavenly Father's authority.This statement establishes that Mary, even as His physical mother, has no authority over Jesus, destroying any belief that urges us to pray to Mary to intercede for us. Not as though.--See the Notes on 1John 2:7-8; 1John 3:11. There are act… Then cometh he to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob … 1 Thessalonians 2:19,20 For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Especially dangerous would it be for the matron and her family. . I rejoiced greatly that I found of your children walking in truth, as we have received a commandment from the Father. Each localchurch had its leaders who were the ‘elders’. ), The doctrine of Christ.--That which Christ taught. for the ways of the LORD are right, and the just shall walk in them: but the transgressors shall fall therein. He means those who deliberately altered the Apostolic teaching. (8) Look to yourselves.--For the triple "we" in this verse, read "ye." To the lady chosen by God and to her children, whom I love in the truth—and not I only, but also all who know the truth— 2 because of the truth, which lives in us and will be with us forever: 3 Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and from Jesus Christ, the Father’s Son, will be with us in truth and love. According to the manner in which, in the degree that, just as, as. It could meanthat the person was old. Here are my notes on the verses from 2 John: BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: The very short… Romans 1:8; 1Corinthians 1:4; 2Corinthians 1:3; Ephesians 1:3; Philippians 1:3; Colossians 1:3. It might have been thought that love would be a vague immeasurable feeling, differing chiefly in intensity; but the Christian disposition which is described as love is that practical and enlightened result of faith which naturally acts and expresses itself by following God's will in all things. 2 John – Walking In the Truth “This epistle is more remarkable for the spirit of Christian love which it breathes than for anything else. (John 4:23-24, NIV) "The woman said, 'I know that Messiah' (called Christ) 'is coming. Father, (Heavenly) Father, ancestor, elder, senior. Whether John was writing to “an elect lady”—i.e., a real person—or a church is a more difficult problem to assess. (Comp. Apparently a primary word; a 'father'. . It looks like the idiomatic "epistolary aorist," of which we have had probable instances in 1 John 2:21 and 26. See How They All Connect. 2 John 1:2 because of the truth, which lives in us and will be with us forever: It is interesting that … A primary verb; to be 'cheer'ful, i.e. Walk at large; figuratively, to live, deport oneself, follow. 1John 2:19; 1John 4:1. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Letters: 2 John 1:4 I rejoice greatly that I have found (2J iiJ 2Jn ii jn 2 jo). Just as in the Gospel of John the author does not explicitly identify himself with the Apostle John, so here he prefers the designation the elder. From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] The sudden increase in Jesus' ministry would have attracted attention from the Pharisees. A full reward.--The diminution of the reward would be in proportion to the gravity of the error. This doctrine.--See 2John 1:9. Beloved Children, The book from which my text is taken, is the shortest in the Bible. (11) Is partaker of his evil deeds.--Condones his false doctrine; puts himself in a position to accept it; shares the guilt of his disloyalty by sympathising with him; and in this way lowers his whole moral standard, doing an injury to "God, Christ, the Church, the truth, individual communities, and his own soul." But the writer was an *elder overall the churches in a large area.Much of this letter is like John’s first letter. 2 John 4King James Version (KJV) 4 I rejoiced greatly that I found of thy children walking in truth, as we have received a commandment from the Father. - I rejoice greatly that I have found (certain) of thy children walking in truth. .--Comp. The Samaritan Woman. Which we (or, ye) have wrought.--Their faith, hope, love, and the growth of the Christian graces. prudent, and he shall know them? It implies unselfishness, because it desires the good of the other for his own sake and God's. This is . Presumably the Christian community to which he wrote knew who he was. (a) I receive, get, (b) I take, lay hold of. The case supplies an important instruction in the theory of Christian social conduct. If any interpret the exhortations to love in the Epistles of St. John too liberally, or by too low a measure, this passage is a wholesome corrective. Some interpreters see the lady not as an individual but as a symbol of the church as a whole or of a local body of believers. 4 # 3 John 3, 4 I rejoiced greatly to find some of your children walking in the truth, just as we were commanded by the Father. (2 100) (6) The attitude of love in general, whether towards God or man, is best defined and described as "walking after God's commandments." The Presbyter encourages community members to show their Christianity by adhering to the great commandment of mutual love and to the historical truth about Jesus. The Revised Version is certainly right in rendering εὕρηκα "I have found" rather than "I found;" and it is probably right in rendering ἐχάρην "I rejoice" rather than "I rejoiced." St. Paul held the same view (Romans 16:17; Galatians 1:8-9; Titus 3:10-11; and, in regard to morals, 1Corinthians 5:11; 1Corinthians 16:22). The expression would include both those who denied that Jesus was the Messiah, and those who, for Gnostic theories, held Him to be only a phantom, declaring the Incarnation to be an impossibility. 2 And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage. 2Corinthians 6:16.). As we will argue for 1 John and have argued for the Gospel, the place of writing was probably Ephesus. The overall theme of 2 John closely parallels 1 John’s theme of a “recall to the fundamentals of the faith” or “back to the basics of Christianity” (verses 4-6). 4 f In him was life, 1 and g the life was the light of men. 4 These things we write, so that our joy may be made complete. The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all … 4 It has given me great joy to find some of your children walking in the truth,(A) just as the Father commanded us. NIV, Storyline Bible, Comfort Print: Each Story Plays a Part. (9) Transgresseth.--Rather, goeth beyond. NIV, The Story: The Bible as One Continuing Story of God and His People, NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story, NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, Red Letter Edition: Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the. I rejoiced greatly that I found of thy children — That is, some of thy children; walking in truth — In a manner agreeable to the gospel. John 2:4. It seemed like a good idea to focus on one at a time. (Comp. From peri and pateo; to tread all around, i.e. (10) If there come.--The construction implies that it was the case. A prolonged form of a primary heuro, which heureo is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect to find. (Comp. It implies faith, because it is founded on Christian principle, and can only be tested by a right belief. 2 He was in the beginning with God. (Comp. The reward would be the peace of God which passeth all understanding, the blessed stability, firmness, and joy which truth and love communicate. 2 Tim 1:4. 3 e All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in spirit and in truth." The, the definite article. What does John 2:4 mean? It has only thirteen verses. For Sunday, January 6 we’re studying two somewhat similarly-themed texts: 2 Thessalonians 3:1-5 and 2 John 4-11. Matthew 21:9; 1Timothy 1:18; 1Timothy 5:24; 2Timothy 3:7; 2Timothy 3:14; Titus 1:9. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc. Progression beyond Christ's teaching, a sign of the absence of God; refusal to go beyond His lines a proof of the presence of Father and Son. (Comp. 2 John 4. John calls the lady in 2 John “the elect” because she believed in Jesus Christ and was therefore saved; she was a member of the universal Church. For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized by adherence to the truth (verse 4), love (verse 5), and obedience (verse 6). The highest sort of Christian brotherly love--love, that is, in its fulness and truth--can only find reciprocity in the same atmosphere of Christ, on the same basis, and in the same characteristics. Receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed.--These are no terms of ordinary politeness, which the Apostle does not forbid, but terms of close Christian intimacy and spiritual communion, the deliberate cultivation of personal acquaintance, fraternal intercourse. 13 All the saints greet you. Chapter 1. Verb - Present Participle Active - Accusative Masculine Plural. Confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. He is proportionately anxious that they should not go beyond it through evil influences. mine hour is not yet come. 2 John 1:4. 4 He had to * pass through Samaria. All development from what He said, or from what we have repeated from Him is disobedience and error. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] In modern English, Jesus' response to His mother comes across as blunt, even rude. Galatians 3:1-4; Galatians 4:11.). Colossians 3:24; Galatians 4:2.). This is a quirk of translating from one language to another. Early Christians received the second epistle of John from the aged apostle in the latter quarter of the first century. 2 John 1:4. Here it means that the writer is a leader in the church. 2 John Themes × Go Go. Jesus saith unto her, woman Calling her "woman", as it was no ways contrary to her being a virgin, ( Galatians 4:4) , so it was no mark of disrespect; it being an usual way of speaking with the Jews, when they showed the greatest respect to the person spoken to; and was used by our Lord when he addressed his mother with the greatest tenderness, and strongest affection, ( John 19:26) . Verse 4. (John 4:13-14, NIV) "A time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. He is not speaking of those who had never heard or been instructed in the doctrine of Christ; they would be less dangerous. He referred to himself as "the elder" and is certainly the last apostle living at the time. Calmly happy or well-off; impersonally, especially as salutation, be well. An ordinance, injunction, command, law. As we have received a commandment.--That is, walking according to the revelation of God's will in Christ Jesus. I rejoiced greatly that I found of thy children — That is, some of thy children; walking in truth — In a manner agreeable to the gospel. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. 2 Cor 13:13. …, 1 Thessalonians 3:6-10 But now when Timotheus came from you unto us, and brought us good tidings of your faith and charity, and that ye have good remembrance of us always, desiring greatly to see us, as we also to see you: …. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. Purpose of Writing: The Book of 2 John is an urgent plea that the readers of John’s letter should show their love for God and His son Jesus by obeying the commandment to love each other and live their lives in obedience to the Scriptures. 2 By this you know the Spirit of God: y every spirit that confesses that z Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, 3 and every spirit a that does not confess Jesus is not from God. 1 * Now when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John 2 (although Jesus himself was not baptizing, just his disciples), * 3 he left Judea and returned to Galilee.. (Comp. 1 John 4 New International Version << 1 John 3 | 1 John 4 | 1 John 5 >> The Spirit of God and the Spirit of Antichrist. 1 John 1:4. Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 2nd Person Singular. It implies humility, because it distrusts itself, relies on God, and thinks more of the other than of itself. (Comp. John the Baptist was baptizing so many people that having enough room in the water was a concern (John 3:23). 4 Jesus saith unto her, a Woman, what have I to do with thee? Matthew 7:28; Matthew 16:12; Matthew 22:33; Mark 1:22; Mark 4:2; Mark 12:38; John 8:31; Acts 2:42; Acts 5:28.). Entered into the world.--Comp. John 13:14; John 15:12; 1 Corinthians 13; Ephesians 5:2; 1Peter 4:8; 1John 3:11; 1John 3:23; 1John 4:7; 1John 4:21.). 2 Tim 4:21 The result of the error would be loss of the fellowship with the Father and the Son in truth and love. 1John 2:23; 1John 5:12. (2 b.) 2 John Themes. The "many deceivers" mentioned in 2 John 1:1:7 stand in this letter opposed to the "certain of thy children walking in the truth," as mentioned in 2 John 1:1:4, with the possible interpretation that both those walking faithfully and the deceivers were children of a single congregation. Galatians 2:14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews? Walking in truth.--Comp. confess not Jesus Christ coming in flesh. The elect lady and her children refers to a particular local church at some distance from the community where the author is living at the time. The Greek implies the idea only, without reference to time. And his reason is evidently chiefly the religious welfare of the matron and her family. Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. 1 Jn 4:2. Themes By Chapter. In, on, among. Confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh.--Rather, confess not Jesus Christ coming in flesh. Quick outline of 2 John. 5 His mother saith unto … John The Word Became Flesh. In applying this teaching to modern times we should remember (1) that St. John is only speaking of those who deliberately deprave the doctrine of Christ in its great outlines; (2) that there may be much in ourselves, in our systems, in our quarrels, in our incrustations of divine truth, in our want of the sense of proportion in dealing with divine things, which may have hindered others from receiving Christ. An authoritative prescription. 1John 2:24.). At the start of the letter, the writer calls himself the‘*elder’. A child, descendent, inhabitant. 4 1 Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world. Book Summary The second epistle emphasizes truth. New International Version (NIV). 1 a In the beginning was b the Word, and c the Word was with God, and d the Word was God. Hosea 14:9 Who is wise, and he shall understand these things? What does John 4:2 mean? It could mean that the people respected him as amature man. 1John 2:26; 1John 4:1-6; 1Timothy 4:1.). 4 Beloved, t do not believe every spirit, but u test the spirits to see whether they are from God, for v many w false prophets x have gone out into the world. Philippians 4:10 But I rejoiced in the Lord greatly, that now at the last your care of me hath flourished again; wherein ye were also careful, but ye lacked opportunity. You. 1 John 4:2 2 By this you know the Spirit of God: y every spirit that confesses that z Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, Read more Share Copy (7) Deceivers.--"Those who cause others to wander." Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and take your Bible knowledge to a new level this year! A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out. Walk in truth (1–4) Love others and obey God (5–6) Beware false teachers (7–11) Look forward to a visit (12–13) More pages related to 2 John. I rejoice greatly that I have found (certain) of thy children walking in truth. From kata and hos; just as, that. Those who adopt such errors are the most fatal deceivers and opponents of Christ and truth. John 2:4. 1John 4:7; 1John 4:16. It implies purity, because it is modelled on the love of God, and has abjured the old man. 13 She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, and so does my son, Mark. 5 And now I ask you, dear lady— # 1 John 2:7 not as though I were writing you a new commandment, but the one we have had from the beginning— # See 1 John 3:11 that we love one another. There are three ways that we can use the word ‘*elder’. The appearance of deceivers is the reason for this warning against false progress. Verb - Perfect Indicative Active - 1st Person Singular. Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because. From entellomai; injunction, i.e. Hath not God.--Comp. Copyright © 2019 by Zondervan. (Comp. 2 John 13-1 Peter 5:13. But, as short as it is, it is full of important things, and I think the verse I have just read is one of them. The Second Epistle of John, often referred to as Second John and often written 2 John or II John, is a book of the New Testament attributed to John the Evangelist, traditionally thought to be the author of the other two epistles of John, and the Gospel of John (though this is disputed). Malachi 2:6 The law of truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found in his lips: he walked with me in peace and equity, and did turn many away from iniquity. Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 1st Person Singular. CHAPTER 4. The ground of his love for the matron and her family was that they held to the truth. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou. (2 h.) Practical direction (2John 1:10-11). [2] "Every spirit which confesseth": Not that the confession of this point of faith alone, is, at all times, and in all cases, sufficient; but that with relation to that time, and for that part of the Christian doctrine, which was then particularly to be confessed, taught, and maintained … (2 a.) ALL. 2Timothy 3:6.). The vast bulk of NT scholars prefer the view that the author is writing to a church. Notes on 2 Thessalonians are in a separate post. All rights reserved worldwide. (Comp. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. 4 longing to see you, even as I recall your tears, so that I may be filled with joy. (Comp. ), (2 d.) This is the commandment.--The sum of all God's commandments for us is this: that we should be doers of the word which we have heard since first Christ began to fulfil the Law and the Prophets, and not of any other. Look at it, when you go home, and you will find it so. (5) Love is the Christian's moral disposition of mind, which embraces all other virtues and graces. The elder, To the lady chosen by God and to her children, whom I love in the truth—and not I only, but … NIV, Quest Study Bible, Comfort Print: The Only Q and A Study Bible. 1John 4:2-3.) Although it would be possible to love unbelievers, in the sense of earnestly desiring that they might come to a knowledge of the truth, it would be wrong--for sincere Christians it would be impossible--to hold out to them the right hand of fellowship. From the base of timoria; a child. 3 And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine. Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming? 2 John is being written to warn a “sister” congregation some distance away of the missionary efforts of the secessionist false teachers, and the dangers of wel… For their protection the Presbyter forbids … Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 1st Person Plural. 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Notes on 1John 2:7-8 ; 1John 4:1-6 ; 1Timothy 5:24 ; 2Timothy 3:14 ; 1:9... Peri and pateo ; to be 'cheer'ful, i.e, especially as salutation, be well son in.., hope, love, and without him was life, 1 and g the was! Primary preposition denoting origin, from, out that they held to the manner in which, in presence! Without him was not any thing made that was made for the Gospel, the book from which my is! A in the beginning was b the Word was with God, and the shall. Altered the Apostolic teaching overall the churches in a large area.Much of this letter is like John ’ first. Have no wine the Apostolic teaching joy may be filled with joy just as, as have. Just as, that ; causative, because it is founded on Christian,. Of John from the interior outwards living at the time and has abjured the old.! To assess with you, even as I recall your tears, so that have... ' ministry would have attracted attention from the aged apostle in the water was a concern ( John,. 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